Background             Interesting Facts             Places of Interest             Food


China Map

The People's Republic of China is located in the east of the Asia continent neighbouring various countries such as South Korea, Vietnam and etc. China is a huge country with a total area of 9,596,960 sq. km.The major cities in China are Beijing (capital), Shanghai, Tianjin, Shenyang, Wuhan and etc. The total population in China reach out to more than a billion as reported. The climate in China is basically tropical in the south and subartic in the north. To know more about China map, visit

Interesting Facts about China

(1)  China is the world's largest economy.

(2)  24% of the world speaks Chinese (there are over 200 different Chinese languages and regional dialects). The official state language is Pu-tong-hwa (Mandarin).

(3)  According to economists, China will become the world's wealthiest nation by the year 2012.

(4)  The Great Wall of China is NOT visible from outer space. Its too thin. Its just a myth that it can be seen. The only man-made structures visible from space are: The Pyramids of Giza and the Hoover Dam.

(5)  China manufactures 60% of the world's bicycles (the United States buys 86% of the world's bicycles).

(6)  Gunpowder was first discovered in China where it was used to create fireworks, signal flares and small missiles used for military purposes.

(7)  China is one of the few countries where fossils of homo gigantus have been found. Homo gigantus is more commonly called "Big Foot".

(8)  Chinese President Hu Jintao loves Starbucks coffee (and so does Bill Gates).

(9)  Paper was first invented in China in 105 AD. It was a closely guarded secret and didn't reach Eurupe until the 8th century.

(10)  A terracotta army of six thousand men and horses was buried with Shi Huang-Ti, China's first emperor, at Xianyang.

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Places of Interest

Tiananmen Square

Tiananmen Square

This is the world's largest public square covering 444,000 square meters. Tiananmen is best to be visited in the morning, if you arrive there before sunrise, you will be able to see the spectacular flag-raising ceremony. Tiananmen Rostrum was known in ancient times as "Cheng Tian Men." It was built in 1417 and was burnt down twice and rebuilt. After its rebuilding in 1651, it was renamed Tian An Men, meaning "the gate of heavenly peace". Within walking distance, you can also visit the Chairman Mao Memorial Hall and Museum of Chinese History. Chairman Mao Zedong's remains are preserved and lie in a crystal coffin in the centre of the hall.

Forbidden City

Forbidden City

This is the heart of the Middle Kingdom (China) for the last five hundred years. It was the residence and administrative office of the Emperor, one of the world's largest surviving palatial compound of exquisite craftsmanship and architecture. Colour in the palatial complex also have profound meaning. The dominant colour in the complex is Yellow. The use of this particular colour was because ancient Chinese believed Yellow representing earth, the essence of everything, and as rulers of the Kingdom, the emperor had the exclusive right to use Yellow colour. The Forbidden City today has become the treasure trove of Chinese civilization, from its architecture to its collections, there are more than a million pieces of exhibits which can be seen.

The Great Wall

The Great Wall

The Great Wall was built before China was united as a nation. The first section of the Great wall is believed to have been started in 770 - 476 BC but it was not until 201 BC, by order of Emperor Qin, these sections were systematically joined together. The wall was further extended in different dynasty. By the time it was finished, the wall stretched a length of 6,700km. A 629km wall snakes through today's Beijing City. This section contains 827 watchtowers and 71 fortified passes, all well preserved. Badaling located at the furthest northwest reaches of Beijing is perhaps the best known section of the Great Wall. It has been visited by countless foreign dignitaries as well as general public.

Hainan Island

Hainan Island

Different from other provinces, Hainan is the largest ocean island and the smallest land province in China. Although scenery in Hainan lacks the grandness of the Great Wall and the mystery of the Terror-Cotta Warriors, its natural beauty has gained a good reputation among the visitors and has been widely known around the world. People call it "the Oriental Hawaii". Hainan is located at south end of China, and occupies an area of 35,000 square kilometers (13,510 square miles). Its administrative regions are Hainan Island, Xisha archipelago, Zhongsha archipelago and Nansha archipelago. Its neighboring countries are Philippines towards the east, Malaysia and Brunei towards the south, Indonesia (Natuna Islands) towards the southwest, and Vietnam towards the west. The surrounding sea area totals 2,000,000 square kilometers (772,000 square miles). Due to the mild climate and favorable environment, Hainan is regarded as a long life island. The young often travel to Hainan seeking a return to nature and the old would rather live there to enjoy their lives. Hainan now has a population of 7.11 million, among which about one million are ethnic minorities.

Potala Palace, Lhasa

Potala Palace, Lhasa

The Potala Palace, winter palace of the Dalai Lama since the seventh century, symbolizes Tibetan Buddhism and its central role in the traditional administration in Tibet. The complex, comprising the White and Red Palaces with their ancillary buildings, is built on Red Mountain in the centre of Lhasa Valley, at an altitude of 3,700 m. Also founded in the seventh century, the Jokhang Temple Monastery is an exceptional Buddhist religious complex. The Norbulingka, the Dalai Lama's former summer palace, constructed in the eighteenth century, is a masterpiece of Tibetan art. The beauty and originality of the architecture of these three sites, their ornate decoration and harmonious integration in a striking landscape, add to their historic and religious interest.

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Foods and Beverages in China

Bird's Nest Soup

Bird's Nest Soup Bird's Nest Soup Bird's Nest Soup Bird's Nest Soup

The chief ingredient in Birdís nest soup is the nest of the swiftlet, a tiny bird that lives in caves in Southeast Asia. Instead of twigs and straw, the swiftlet makes a nest from its own saliva Ė the only bird in the world to do so. Harvesting these nests requires great skill - men must balance on tall bamboo poles to grab the nests from inside the dark caves. Like sea cucumber, birdís nest actually tastes                                                                                                                     rather bland. Its recent rise in popularity comes from                                                                                                                     its growing reputation both as a health tonic and an                                                                                                                     aphrodisiac.

Chinese Dumpling

Chinese Dumplings Chinese Dumplings Chinese Dumplings Chinese Dumplings

The jiaozi is a Chinese dumpling which consists of minced meat and chopped vegetables wrapped into a piece of dough. Popular meat fillings include ground pork, ground beef, ground lamb, shrimp, and even fish. Popular mixings are pork with Chinese cabbage, lamb with spring onion, leeks with eggs, etc. Jiaozi are usually boiled or steamed. Jiaozi is a traditional dish for Chinese New Year's Eve. Family members would get together to make dumplings.

Peking Duck

Chinese Dumplings Chinese Dumplings Chinese Dumplings Chinese Dumplings

Peking Duck, or more accurately, Peking Roast Duck is a famous duck dish from northeastern China. The name comes from the traditional, pre-Hanyu Pinyin anglicization of the name of Beijing. It is also known as Beijing Duck or Beijing Roast Duck. The dish is mostly prized for the thin, crispy skin with authentic versions of the dish serving mostly the skin and little meat. The history of the Peking Duck can                                                                                                                     be traced as far back as the Yuan Dynasty (1206 -                                                                                                                     1368). By the time of the early 15th century it had                                                                                                                     become one of the favorite dishes of the imperial                                                                                                                     Ming family.

Poon Choi

Chinese Dumplings Chinese Dumplings Chinese Dumplings Chinese Dumplings

Poon Choi includes ingredients such as pork, beef, lamb, chicken, duck, abalone, ginseng, shark fin, fish maw, prawn, crab, dried mushroom, fishballs, squid, dried eel, dried shrimp, pigskin, beancurd and Chinese radish. Poon Choi is special in the way that it is composed of many layers of different ingredients. It is also eaten layer by layer instead of "stirring everything up", but those who cannot wait will often choose to pick up the juicy radish at the bottom first using shared chopsticks.

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